The term “minimally invasive surgery” was coined by British physician John EA Wickham in 1984 and was noted in an article published in the British Medical Journal in 1987. Early minimally invasive surgery was specifically referred to as laparoscopic surgery because only laparotomy can be replaced with minimally invasive surgery. It did not extend to other body parts until later when minimally invasive surgery was popularized. As for the first laparoscopic operation, it was accidentally completed by French doctor Mouret in 1987. However, he didn't realize that it marked a significant milestone in medicine.