Health EducationHealth Education
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, with accompanying liver cell damage or cell death; it is caused most frequently by viral infection, certain drugs, chemicals, or poisons. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a virus that causes inflammation of the liver.
Acute pancreatitis is a clinical syndrome defined by a discrete episode of abdominal pain and elevations in serum pancreatic enzyme levels.
Massive upper gastrointestinal ( UGI ) bleeding is one of medical emergencies. UGI bleeding usually results from the bleeding lesions of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. The prognosis of UGI bleeding depends on whether the appropriate treatment can be instituted.
Liver abscess is not a common disease. There are two kinds of liver abscesses: pyogenic abscess due to bacterial infection and amebic abscesses due to infection with Entamoeba histolytica. Because of different etiology, the clinical presentation and treatment is also different; so we will discuss separately below.
Liver cirrhosis can cause portal hypertension, which is unusually elevated in portal-venous pressure. Many complications can be resulted from portal hypertension and the most frequent one is esophageal variceal bleeding.
Liver Cirrhosis is diffused inflammation and fibrosis, forming regeneration nodules, affecting normal liver function, and causing the obliteration of portal flow and portal hypertension.
Health care and Life style to Keep the Liver Healthy
Several factors determine the formation of gallstones. These factors are: altered composition of hepatic bile, nucleation of cholesterol crystals, and impaired gallbladder function.
Indications of paracentesis : (1)to collect ascitic fluid to aid in differential diagnosis and decision making,(2) to do needle drainage to help decompress the pressure and relieve the discomfort
ERCP is performed by using a duodenoscope. The scope is inserted through esophagus to the stomach and into the second portion of duodenum. Once the papilla of Vater is identified, the bile ducts and pancreatic ducts are injected with contrast material through a small plastic catheter, and x-ray pictures are taken. When these x-ray pictures show stones or obstructions, they can often be treated during the same ERCP examination.